When a person has gaps between teeth, it is known as a diastema. Although it can commonly occur in the front teeth, mainly in the incisors, these gaps can be found in other parts of the oral cavity. Many times, we will be able to tell if a person is going to have this condition when they are still at an early age, that is when the baby teeth are present. Many dentists say that, from childhood, it is possible to predict the structure of permanent teeth, so if an infant has a gap, his or her permanent teeth may also have a gap in the future.
Why do teeth separate?
It has been observed that patients who present diastema, usually have an imbalance in the size of the teeth; this generates that spaces remain between each of them. Another reason why this condition can occur is due to problems with the frenulum, mainly when it is huge and covers space between the teeth. This problem causes the front teeth to separate to make room for the braces, making the condition more noticeable.
On the other hand, another cause that can generate the diastema is due to the incisor teeth present deformity in their size; this creates that the central pieces separate to join the rest of the teeth, so the hole in the center is much more notorious.
How can the diastema be solved?
Firstly, as in any treatment, the dentist in Tijuana must evaluate the condition of the oral cavity. At first, he will make an observation and evaluate the aesthetics of the teeth. And to improve this observation, he will suggest x-rays so that he can better visualize the structures and see why these problems occur. At this point, the dentist should ask the patient if he or she performs a particular cleaning or if there have been any problems due to distance. In this way, the specialist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and give the patient a solution to the problem.
Many methods can be employed to eliminate the separation between the teeth, which are:
Brackets: This is one of the most commonly used treatments to correct this problem since, thanks to the metal arch used, enough force is exerted so that there is movement in the teeth. This process is slow, but one of the great benefits obtained is that it will also correct the alignment of all the teeth, thus improving the aesthetics and the proportion of the cavity.
Dental veneers: This procedure will be used only on the affected teeth and consists of some sheets that are placed right on the tooth so that they can conceal problems that occur in the teeth. There are two types of veneers, porcelain, and composite, although veneers made of porcelain are usually used more in this type of condition.
Dental implants: Although this treatment is mostly used in people who have lost their teeth, it is possible to opt for the placement of artificial pieces that will be implanted in the jawbone. This causes it to act like a natural tooth that will consist of a root (implant) and a crown (the tooth structure).
Frenectomy: This procedure is aimed almost entirely at those people who have problems with the size of their braces. In this procedure, the specialist will cut and will accommodate it so as not to cause further damage to the teeth. This option is usually more effective in children who present this problem since, according to time, this accommodation of the teeth will be caused by itself.